The skin is made up of thousands of pores, each pore containing one hair and a sebaceous gland that produces oil, called sebum, which helps keep your skin soft.
Acne can occur from a combination of different conditions such as:
- The gland is over producing sebum; this could be the result of changes in hormones.
- Dead skin cells have accumulated and blocked the pore.
Skin specific bacteria commonly known as the ‘P bacteria’, which is normally harmless, but when it gets trapped inside the pore with the excess sebum can cause inflammation and pus. Acne can start at any age; however, it is most commonly linked to a change in hormonal levels; which suggests acne is more frequent during puberty. Different people may have a different type of acne. It is important to get the correct treatment for each kind of acne.
The various types of Acne are as follows:
Acne Vulgaris is the most common form of acne, the types of spots including whiteheads and blackheads, papules, pustules, nodules and cysts all fall under this category.
Acne Cosmetica comprises of mainly blackheads and whiteheads and is caused by using pore-blocking cosmetic products. This causes blockage in the skin duct.
Acne Mechanica spots normally appear in an irregular pattern and can be caused by constant use of a specific substance on the same part of the skin, such as a dirty handset. This type of acne should clear up once you have stopped using the substance.
Excoriated Acne occurs when spots have been picked which leads to a longer healing period – this can cause a greater risk of scarring. It is important to let your aesthetician know if you have picked your spots, so the correct treatment can be prescribed.
Steroid Acne can form when using steroids. The drug can have the side effect of causing nodular-cystic acne. It is very important to inform your aesthetician if you have been using steroids, as it may have a link with your acne, and the correct treatment would need to be discussed.
What the skin can look and feel like;
- Blackheads: Dead skin cells and oils collect in the opening of the skin follicle, producing a bump called a comedone. If the bump opens, the contents oxidize and turn black.
- Whiteheads: These are similar to a blackhead but the contents of the inflamed pore are not exposed to the air.
- Papules: Small tender pink pimples that appear on your skin and have a rough texture. Papules occur when the wall of a hair follicle break and cave in – the inflammation is due to white blood cells rushing in.
- Pustules: These appear several days after papules are formed when the white blood cells rise to the surface of the skin. Pustules can be large and painful.
- Nodules: Are a pimple like growth that forms under your skin. A nodule may be filled with inflamed tissue or a mixture of tissue and fluid.
Large tender spots or cysts rarely develop; these can either heal or burst. The skin will feel oily and the affected skin can feel hot, tender and painful to touch.
SC Skin Clinic recommended treatments for Acne are:-
- Prescription facial
- Galvaderm Facial
- LED Light Therapy
- Advanced Nutrition Supplements
You will need a consultation prior to starting to assess the correct treatment for you. Please call 01708 444846 or email us to book your FREE consultation.